Sugarcane is where it all starts

First discovered over 2,500 years ago by the Persians, sugarcane is one of the oldest crops known to mankind. Still, we’re learning more about it each day, and Florida Crystals® is dedicated to the continued study of this incredible plant in order to keep crafting the highest quality raw cane sugar today’s bakers and cooks demand.

“The reed that produces honey without bees.”

The Persians who first discovered sugarcane were enamored with its ability to produce such sweet, delicious juices…just as we still are today. A member of the grass family, sugarcane reproduces through a process called vegetative propagation. This means that each new sugarcane plant is actually a clone of the mother plant, one that sprouts off from her trunk and then is carefully replanted. This was done by hand 2,500 years ago, and at Florida Crystals it still is.

As a C4 plant, sugarcane is exceptional at pulling in CO2 from the atmosphere and, through photosynthesis, combining it with minerals from the soil and energy from the sun to form sucrose (a fancy word for sugar). This process is so efficient that even though C4 plants make up just 3% of the biomass of plants on Earth, they account for 25% of all carbon fixation.

Just as impressive, a single sugarcane stalk can produce 30 teaspoons of sugar, 6 teaspoons of molasses, 1 quart of water and 6 ounces of bagasse, which we use at Florida Crystals to power the mills where we craft the sugar you know and love. Remarkable what sugarcane can do, isn’t it?